- The age of wine began in the middle of the first millennium BC, dethroning beer as the most cultured and civilized drinks.
- The Greeks were the first to produce wine on a large commercial scale.
- It was drunk at formal drinking parties (symposia) where drinkers would try to outdo each other in wit, poetry, or rhetoric.
- Greeks mixed their wine with water before consumption. Drinking wine neat was looked down upon.
- The Greeks spread their wine and their knowledge of wine cultivation to Sicily, southern Italy, and southern France.
- The Italian peninsula became the world's foremost wine-producing region around 146 BC.
- Today, the world's leading producers of wine are France, Italy, and Spain. The leading consumers of wine are Luxembourg, France, and Italy (drinking 55 liters per person per year).